Multi-level Prevention System

Multi-Level Prevention System

Multi-level prevention system includes three levels of intensity or prevention. The primary prevention level includes high quality core instruction. The secondary level includes evidence-based intervention(s) of moderate intensity. The tertiary prevention level includes individualized intervention(s) of increased intensity for students who show minimal response to secondary prevention.

At all levels, attention should be on fidelity of implementation, with consideration for cultural and linguistic responsiveness and recognition of student strengths.

The multi-level prevention system is sometimes called the multi-tiered system of support (MTSS). Similarly, the primary level  may be known as Tier I, the secondary level  as Tier II, and the tertiary level as Tier III. 

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Center Resources

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The Academic Intervention Tools Chart is designed to assist educators and families in becoming informed consumers who can select interventions that best meet their individual needs. The Center's Technical Review Committee (TRC) on Academic Interventions independently established a set of criteria for evaluating the scientific rigor of studies demonstrating the efficacy of instructional intervention programs. The TRC rated each submitted study against these criteria but did not compare it to other studies on the chart. The presence of a particular program on the chart does not constitute endorsement and should not be viewed as a recommendation.

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This resource provides a definition of RTI, reviews essential RTI components (screening, progress monitoring, the multi-level prevention system, and data-based decision making), and responds to frequently asked questions about implementing RTI. This document lays out four essential components of RTI: a school-wide, multi-level instructional and behavioral system for preventing school failure; screening; progress monitoring; and data-based decision making for instruction, movement within the multi-level system, and disability identification (in accordance with state law).

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Watch and listen as Dr. Allison Gandhi addresses this question.

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Watch and listen as Dr. Tessie Rose Bailey addresses this question.

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Watch and listen as Dr. Tracy Gray addresses this question.

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This learning modules takes a closer look at how the multi-level prevention system relates to special education and how Response to Intervention differs from a prereferral process. This learning module is part of a series of learning modules.

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This learning module focuses on the steps needed to select evidence-based practices and provides guidance on how to use online resources that provide information on curricula and interventions. Participants will walk through the steps of using these online resources to select evidence-based practices for their districts and schools.

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This learning module provides an overview of the multi-level prevention system within the Response to Intervention framework. It explains the relevant focus, instruction, settings, and assessments at each level of prevention and demonstrates how screening and progress monitoring are utilized for data-based decision making.

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This learning module focuses on developing a basic understanding of response to intervention (RTI) and the essential components of an RTI model. It provides the Centers definition of RTI and an overview of screening, progress monitoring, multi-level prevention system, and data-based decision making.

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The training module, Implementing Effective Literacy Practices for Instructing English Language Learners Within the Response to Intervention (RTI) Framework, provides facilitators with materials to conduct a half-day workshop that can be delivered to teachers, administrators, or district RTI teams. The module reviews the research on effective practices for providing literacy instruction to English language learners (ELL) and how these practices can be applied within the RTI framework.

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This webinar, led by Dr. Erica Lembke, discusses primary (Tier I), secondary (Tier II), and tertiary (Tier III) interventions within a RTI framework. Examples from the webinar include interventions related to the five components of reading at the elementary and secondary levels and intervention strategies for mathematics at the elementary and secondary levels.

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This webinar, presented by Dr. Lynn Fuchs, discusses data-based decision making within an RTI framework. Specifically, the webianr focuses on how to determine responsiveness to secondary or Tier II prevention.

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In this webinar, Dr. Russell Gersten provides an overview of the research related to RTI and mathematics and describes specific guidelines for implementation for grades K-7. The webinar includes discussions of effective instructional practices for interventions, strategies for screening and progress monitoring, and criteria to think about when selecting intervention curricula. The webinar also offeres a candid appraisal of the quality and quantity of research on these topics.

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Through this module participants will become familiar with the essential components of an RTI framework with a particular focus on the multi-level prevention system. The module covers the three levels of a multi-level prevention system (primary, secondary, and tertiary), selecting evidence-based practices, and making decisions about student movement between levels of the prevention system.

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In this webinar, Dr. Allison Gandhi, provides an overview of the screening, progress monitoring, and instructional tools charts, describes the information that they provide, and walks through the process that teams can use when selecting an appropriate tool to support RTI implementation.

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In this webinar, Dr. Doug Fuchs, Nicholas Hobbs Professor of Special Education and Human Development and Co-Director of Vanderbilt University's Kennedy Center Reading Clinic, presents a summary of his recent article published in Exceptional Children. Dr. Fuchs details the RTI framework and explains the rationale for next generation RTI practices while summarizing the three aspects of Smart RTI and emphasizing the importance and relevance of tertiary prevention.

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This document was developed to help parents and other family members understand the essential components of RTI (screening, progress monitoring, multi-level prevention system, and data-based decision making), ask questions about RTI, and understand how the RTI framework may be used to help their children succeed in school.

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This webinar, presented by Lynne Viker and Denise Waalen from the Mahtomedi School District in Minnesota, and Laurie Emery from the Vail School District in Arizona, discribes the district's role in RTI implementation and setting the stage for implementation, examples of RTI models, lessons learned through implementation, and resources.

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Watch and listen as Whitney Donaldson addresses this question.