FAST: earlyReading English

Sight Words (150)

Rating Summary

Classification Accuracyfull bubble
GeneralizabilityModerate Low
Reliabilityfull bubble
Validityfull bubble
Disaggregated Reliability and Validity Datafull bubble
Efficiency
AdministrationIndividual
Administration & Scoring Time1-2 Minutes
Scoring KeyComputer Scored
Benchmarks / NormsYes
Cost Technology, Human Resources, and Accommodations for Special Needs Service and Support Purpose and Other Implementation Information Usage and Reporting

The Formative Assessment System for Teachers™ (FAST) is online software that requires no hardware or special add-ons. FAST is supported by an extensive set of materials to support teachers and students, including self-directed training modules that allow teachers to become certified to administer each of the FAST assessments. The entire FAST assessment package (i.e., reading, math, behavior, and on-line training) is provided at an annual flat rate of $6 per student.

Testers will require 1-4 hours of training.

Paraprofessionals can administer the test.

Where to Obtain:  http://www.fastbridge.org/

Address:

FastBridge Learning
520 Nicollet Mall, Suite 910
Minneapolis, MN 55402-1057

Phone: 612-254-2534

Websitehttp://www.fastbridge.org/

Training materials are included in the cost of the tool.  Additional, optional on-site and webinar-based training services are available for a fee.

Ongoing technical support is available by calling 612-424-3710 or emailing fast1@umn.edu

The Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST) earlyReading measure is designed to assess both unified and component skills associated with kindergarten and first grade reading achievement. earlyReading is intended to enable screening and progress monitoring across four domains of reading (Concepts of Print, Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, and Decoding) and provide domain specific assessments of these specific component skills and a general estimate of overall reading achievement.

The objective of the Sight Words 150 measure is to assess whether students are able to recognize common high-frequency words. This is distinct from a decodable word measure in that, though some sight words may be decodable, students recognize them with automaticity rather than utilizing cognitive resources to decode them.

This tool is intended for use in 1st grade or with ages 6-7.

Administration is computerized and is 1-2 minutes per student. Scoring is done automatically within the software and does not require any additional time.

Available scores include: raw scores, percentile scores, developmental benchmarks and cut points, subscale/subtest scores, composite scores, and error analysis.

 

Classification Accuracy

Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on GRADE for 1st Grade

 

15th Percentile

n = 167

40th Percentile

n = 167

False Positive Rate

0.38

0.08

False Negative Rate

0.09

0.13

Sensitivity

0.91

0.87

Specificity

0.96

0.92

Positive Predictive Power

0.63

0.70

Negative Predictive Power

0.99

0.97

Overall Classification Rate

0.96

0.91

AUC (ROC)

0.97

0.95

Base Rate

0.07

0.18

Cut Points:

48

61

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

91% sensitivity, 0.96 specificity

90% sensitivity, 0.86 specificity

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

82% sensitivity, 0.97 specificity

83% sensitivity, 0.93 specificity

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

73% sensitivity, 0.97 specificity

70% sensitivity, 0.96 specificity

 

Generalizability

Description of study sample:

·         Number of States: 1 (Minnesota)

·         Regions: 1

·         Gender

o   47% Male

o   53% Female

·         Race/Ethnicity:

o   65% White, Non-Hispanic

o   0% American Indian/Alaska Native

o   23% Black, Non-Hispanic

o   0% Asian, Pacific Islander

o   6% Hispanic

o   3% Other

·         Disability status: approximately 11% SWDs

·         First language: approximately 90% English

·         Language proficiency status: 100% English proficient

Reliability

Type of Reliability

Age or Grade

n (range)

Coefficient

SEM

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

range

median

Alternate Form

1st Grade

37

0.91-0.96

0.94

4.14

 

Reliability of the Slope

1st Grade

624

-

0.77

-

Using 3 time points, fall, winter, and spring

Test-Retest

1st Grade

36

 

0.96

 

Collected in Fall 2012, ~2-3 week delay

Delayed Test-Retest

1st Grade

913

 

0.84

 

Fall-Winter

Delayed Test-Retest

1st Grade

432

 

0.82

 

Winter-Spring

Delayed Test-Retest)

1st Grade

1,137

 

0.60

 

Fall-Spring

Coefficient alpha

1st Grade

678

 

0.90 for first 12 items

 

0.99 for first 53 items

 

0.99 for first 94 items

 

Data was derived from a random sample of students from the FAST database from the 2012-2013 academic year. Approximately 49% of the sample was female students, and 51% of students were male. Approximately 67.1% of students were White, 13.3% Black, 9.4% Hispanic, 8.8% Asian, 0.9% Multiracial, and 0.4% American Indian or Alaska Native.

Split-half

1st Grade

678

 

0.91 for first 12 items

 

0.99 for first 53 items

 

0.99 for first 94 items

 

Data was derived from a random sample of students from the FAST database from the 2012-2013 academic year. Approximately 49% of the sample was female students, and 51% of students were male. Approximately 67.1% of students were White, 13.3% Black, 9.4% Hispanic, 8.8% Asian, 0.9% Multiracial, and 0.4% American Indian or Alaska Native.

 

Validity

 

Type of Validity

Age or Grade

 

Test or Criterion

n (range)

Coefficient (if applicable)

 

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

range

Median

Concurrent

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

71

 

0.59

Collected in Fall

Concurrent

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

166

 

0.43

Data collected in Spring

Predictive

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

179

 

0.59

Fall to Winter prediction

Predictive

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

168

 

0.80

Winter to Spring prediction

Predictive

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

179

 

0.66

Fall to Spring prediction

Predictive Validity of Slope

1st Grade

GRADE composite Level 1

180

 

0.59

Data collected Fall, Winter, and Spring

Discriminant validity (Beginning)

1st Grade

Sight Word 150

248

 

Difference stats: t = 29.96

d = 2.45

 

Discriminant validity (Middle)

1st Grade

Sight Word 150

191

 

Difference stats: t = 29.13

d = 2.73

 

Discriminant validity (End)

1st Grade

Sight Word 150

253

 

Difference stats: t = 31.27

d = 2.49

 

Predictive

1

aReading

456

 

0.75

Winter to Spring

Concurrent

1

aReading

469

 

0.80

Data collected in Spring

 

Type of Validity

Age or Grade

Test or Criterion

n (range)

Coefficient

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

Concurrent validity

1st Grade

CBMReading WRC/min

108

0.90

The sample consisted of approximately 145 First Grade students (45.3% female). The majority of students (79.7%) were not eligible to receive special education services. The majority of students were White (64.2%) followed by 20.9% Hispanic, 5.4% African American, and 4.1% Asian.  Data was collected during Winter.

Concurrent Validity

1st Grade

GRADE Sentence Comprehension

167

0.70

The sample consisted of approximately 184 First Grade students. Data was collected during Spring.

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

aReading

108

0.70

The sample consisted of approximately 145 First Grade students (45.3% female). The majority of students (79.7%) were not eligible to receive special education services. The majority of students were White (64.2%) followed by 20.9% Hispanic, 5.4% African American, and 4.1% Asian. Winter to Spring prediction.

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

CBMReading WRC/min

105

0.85

The sample consisted of approximately 145 First Grade students (45.3% female). The majority of students (79.7%) were not eligible to receive special education services. The majority of students were White (64.2%) followed by 20.9% Hispanic, 5.4% African American, and 4.1% Asian. Winter to Spring prediction.

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

CBMReading WRC/min

125

0.87

The sample consisted of approximately 145 First Grade students (45.3% female). The majority of students (79.7%) were not eligible to receive special education services. The majority of students were White (64.2%) followed by 20.9% Hispanic, 5.4% African American, and 4.1% Asian. Winter to Spring prediction

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

GRADE Sentence Comprehension

160

0.76

The sample consisted of approximately 184 First Grade students. Winter to Spring prediction.

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

GRADE Comprehension Composite Score

160

0.73

The sample consisted of approximately 184 First Grade students. Winter to Spring prediction.

Predictive Validity

1st Grade

GRADE Standard Score

160

0.74

The sample consisted of approximately 184 First Grade students. Winter to Spring prediction.

Concurrent validity

1st grade

aReading

456

0.75

Winter data collection. The sample consisted of approximately 8,815 First Grade students.

 

Disaggregated Reliability, Validity, and Classification Data for Diverse Populations

Disaggregated Classification Accuracy in Predicting Proficiency on CBMReading (Curriculum Based Measures of Reading)

  Grade 1
S->S
15th Percentile
Non-White
n = 42
Grade 1
S->S
15th Percentile
​White
n = 83
Grade 1
S->S
40th Percentile
Non-​White
n = 42
Grade 1
S->S
40th Percentile
​White
n = 83
Grade 1
W->S
15th Percentile
Non-​White
n = 36
Grade 1
W->S
15th Percentile
​White
n = 72
Grade 1
W->S
40th Percentile
Non-White
n = 36
Grade 1
W->S
40th Percentile
White
​n = 72
Grade 1
W->W
15th Percentile
Non-White
​n = 36
Grade 1
W->W

15th Percentile
White
​n = 72
Grade 1
W->W
40th Percentile
Non-White
​n = 36
Grade 1
W->W
40th Percentile
White
​n = 72

False Positive Rate

0

0.03

0.21

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.18

0.18

0

0

0.67

0.18

False Negative Rate

0.18

0.21

0.29

0.17

0.60

0.33

0.24

0.13

0.69

0.13

0.05

0

Sensitivity

0.82

0.79

0.71

0.83

0.40

0.67

0.76

0.88

0.31

0.87

0.95

1.00

Specificity

1.00

0.97

0.79

0.90

0.96

0.98

0.82

0.83

1.00

1.00

0.93

0.82

Positive Predictive Power

1.00

0.88

0.87

0.85

0.80

0.92

0.90

0.80

1.00

1.00

0.95

0.77

Negative Predictive Power

0.94

0.94

0.59

0.88

0.81

0.90

0.60

0.89

0.65

0.97

0.93

1.00

Overall Classification Rate

0.95

0.93

0.74

0.87

0.81

0.90

0.78

0.85

0.69

0.97

0.94

0.89

AUC (ROC)

0.99

0.98

0.84

0.92

0.92

0.94

0.90

0.93

0.98

1.00

0.98

0.96

Base Rate

0.26

0.23

0.67

0.42

0.28

0.25

0.69

0.44

0.44

0.21

0.58

0.38

Cut Points:

59

61.5

67.5

66

35.5

42.5

53.5

48.5

37

47.5

55.5

48.5

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

90% sensitivity, 0.97 specificity

90% sensitivity, 0.94 specificity

93% sensitivity, 0.50 specificity

94% sensitivity, 0.67 specificity

90% sensitivity, 0.73 specificity

94% sensitivity, 0.76 specificity

92% sensitivity, 0.54 specificity

91% sensitivity, 0.77 specificity

94% sensitivity, 0.85 specificity

93% sensitivity, 0.98 specificity

91% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

89% sensitivity, 0.87 specificity

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

82% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

84% sensitivity, 0.97 specificity

82% sensitivity, 0.57 specificity

80% sensitivity, 0.90 specificity

80% sensitivity, 0.85 specificity

83% sensitivity, 0.84 specificity

80% sensitivity, 0.82 specificity

81% sensitivity, 0.90 specificity

88% sensitivity, 0.90 specificity

80% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

81% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

78% sensitivity, 0.93 specificity

At XX% Sensitivity, Specificity equals

73% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

74% sensitivity, 0.98 specificity

71% sensitivity, 0.85 specificity

71% sensitivity, 0.90 specificity

70% sensitivity, 0.88 specificity

72% sensitivity, 0.96 specificity

72% sensitivity, 0.91 specificity

72% sensitivity, 0.92 specificity

75% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

73% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

76% sensitivity, 1.00 specificity

70% sensitivity, 0.93 specificity

Disaggregated Reliability

Type of Reliability

Age or Grade

n (range)

Coefficient Range

Coefficient Median

SEM

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

77

 

0.86

 

Native American students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

364

 

0.83

 

Asian students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

564

 

0.82

 

African American students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

805

 

0.82

 

Hispanic students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

16

 

0.90

 

Native Hawaiian or other pacific islander; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

3,169

 

0.81

 

White students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

54

 

0.82

 

Native American students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

373

 

0.83

 

Asian students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

547

 

0.87

 

African American students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

714

 

0.85

 

Hispanic students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

3,321

 

0.85

 

White students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

476

 

0.89

 

Non-White students; 1 month delay

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

1,694

 

0.80

 

Non-White students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

256

 

0.85

 

Non-White students; Spring to End of the Year Screening

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

420

 

0.87

 

White students; 1 month delay

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

1,808

 

0.86

 

White students; Winter to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

398

 

0.85

 

White students; Spring to End of the Year Screening

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

36

 

0.84

 

Native American students; Fall to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

1,740

 

0.84

 

White students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

141

 

0.85

 

Multiracial students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

185

 

0.73

 

Multiracial students; Fall to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

309

 

0.77

 

Hispanic students; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

495

 

0.82

 

African American; Fall to Winter

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

554

 

0.70

 

African American; Fall to Spring

Delayed test-retest

1st grade

244

 

0.83

 

Asian students; Fall to Winter

 

 

Type of Reliability

Age or Grade

n (range)

Coefficient

SEM

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

range

median

Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

172

0.78-0.87

0.84

-

African American

Fall to Winter

 Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

123

0.64-0.81

0.73

-

Hispanic/Latino

Fall to Winter

 Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

501

0.84-0.89

0.87

-

White/Caucasian

Fall to Winter

Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

194

0.53-0.70

0.62

-

African American

Fall to Spring

 Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

133

0.38-0.63

0.52

-

Hispanic/Latino

Fall to Spring

 Delayed Test Retest

1st Grade

674

0.54-0.63

0.59

-

White/Caucasian

Fall to Spring

Disaggregated Validity

Type of Validity

Age or Grade

Test or Criterion

n (range)

Coefficient Range

Coefficient Median

Information (including normative data)/Subjects

Concurrent validity

1st Grade

36

 

0.88

 

Non-White students; Winter data collection; CBMreading used as the criterion measure.

Concurrent validity

1st Grade

72

 

0.92

 

White students; Winter data collection; CBMreading used as the criterion measure.

Predictive validity

1st Grade

36

 

0.84

 

Non-White students; Winter to spring prediction; CBMreading used as the criterion measure.

Predictive validity

1st Grade

72

 

0.86

 

White students; Winter to spring prediction; CBMreading used as the criterion measure.

Concurrent validity

1st grade

28

 

0.73

 

Native American Students; Fall data collection; aReading used as the criterion measure.

Concurrent validity

1st grade

152

 

0.71

 

Multiracial students; Fall data collection; aReading used as the criterion measure

Predictive validity

1st grade

39

 

0.78

 

Multiracial students; Fall to winter prediction; aReading used as the criterion measure

Predictive validity

1st grade

34

 

0.85

 

Multiracial students; Fall to Spring prediction; aReading used as the criterion measure

Predictive validity

1st grade

593

 

0.72

 

White students; Fall to Spring prediction; aReading used as the criterion measure

Predictive validity

1st grade

28

 

0.77

 

Native American students; Winter to spring prediction; aReading used as the criterion measure

Concurrent validity

1st grade

105

 

0.77

 

Asian students; Winter data collection; aReading used as the criterion measure

Concurrent validity

1st grade

40

 

0.77

 

African American students; Winter data collection; aReading used as the criterion measure

Concurrent validity

1st grade

39

 

0.77

 

Multiracial students; Winter data collection; aReading used as the criterion measure

Predictive validity

1st grade

34

 

0.85

 

Multiracial students; Winter to spring prediction; aReading used as the criterion

Concurrent validity

1st grade

230

 

0.76

 

White students; Winter data collection; aReading used as the criterion

Concurrent validity

1st grade

33

 

0.81

 

Native American students; Spring data collection; aReading used as the criterion

Concurrent validity

1st grade

34

 

0.75

 

Multiracial students; Spring data collection; aReading used as the criterion