School Reform

RTI can help with the implementation of a number of school reform efforts. RTI can help with:
School Improvement Planning
  • Use screening to identify at-risk student and to determine strengths and weaknesses in the core curriculum.
  • Plan interventions.
  • Modify the school schedule to plan supports for students.

Race to the Top Implementation

  • Data systems for monitoring progress across levels of the system
  • Planning high-quality instruction for all students
  • Personalizing instruction
Teacher Evaluation Systems
  • Use valid, reliable progress monitoring tools to develop and track student learning objectives (SLOs)
  • Document fidelity of high-quality instructional practices across levels of your system

Common Core Standards

  • Use screening to identify students needing extra help
  • Use data to determine how well core instruction meets the needs of students in your school
  • Design standards-related, adapted instruction to meet the needs of students requiring intensive supports

ESEA Waiver Requirements

  • Use progress monitoring data to demonstrate student progress and set annual measurable objectives
  • Plan and evaluate multi-tiered instructional programs to facilitate student improvement
  • Reduce the achievement gap

Personnel Preparation

  • Design effective instruction to meet the needs of all learners
  • Use data to plan effective instruction
  • Implement valid, reliable screening and progress monitoring procedures
  • Evaluate instructional effectiveness

Center Resources


Watch and listen as Dr. Evelyn Johnson addresses this question.


Watch and listen as Dr. Winsome Waite addresses this question.


This guide explains how leaders can use a research-based framework for response to intervention (RTI) to improve learning for all students. The majority of states have some form of RTI initiative in place already. This guide can help states leverage existing initiatives to support the statewide school improvement efforts spelled out in their ESEA flexibility plans.

Non-Center Resources


This brief developed by the Center on Great Teachers & Leaders outlines a framework for coherence that supports states in connecting college and career readiness standards, multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS), and educator effectiveness by capitalizing on their shared goal: improving instructional quality to enhance educational outcomes for students. The brief asks readers to examine the shared goals, context, and identify instructional connections across initiatives that support better learning outcomes for all students.


This series of documents developed by the National Center on Intensive Intervention are intended to illustrate how college and career ready standards can be addressed across levels of a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) or RTI framework in reading and mathematics. They provide examples of how to apply standards relevant instruction across core instruction, secondary intervention, intensive intervention and for to support students with significant cognitive challenges.