Publications

This collection of publications includes research articles, presentations, tools, and briefs on a range of RTI related topics. As a result of revisions to the website, links embedded within documents may no longer be correct. To ensure you are able to access supplemental or related materials search by the title of the document on the website.

Center Resources

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A guidance document provides an overview and an explanation of the core components of Response to Intervention (RTI) for a state, district, or school. In other words, it describes what RTI is and what it is not. The guidance document is not a substitute for training and should not be viewed as the only step in implementation; however, creating a guidance document is critical in supporting schools’ or districts’ understanding and implementation of RTI. This tool addresses frequently asked questions about guidance documents and includes a template to help states, districts, and schools develop their own documents.

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This two part rubric and worksheet is for use by individuals responsible for monitoring (1) district level capacity to support response to intervention (RTI) implementation and (2) district-wide fidelity of RTI implementation. The purpose of this worksheet is to provide a framework for collecting relevant information and for recording a district’s rating on various items related to district capacity to support district-wide implementation of RTI and the fidelity of RTI implementation.

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The RTI Fidelity of Implementation Rubric and the RTI Essential Components Worksheet are for use by individuals responsible for monitoring the school-level fidelity of RTI implementation. They may also be used by schools for self-appraisal evaluation; however, they were not designed for compliance monitoring and therefore should not be used for this purpose. The rubric and the worksheet are designed to be used together and are aligned with the essential components of RTI.

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This resource provides a definition of RTI, reviews essential RTI components (screening, progress monitoring, the multi-level prevention system, and data-based decision making), and responds to frequently asked questions about implementing RTI. This document lays out four essential components of RTI: a school-wide, multi-level instructional and behavioral system for preventing school failure; screening; progress monitoring; and data-based decision making for instruction, movement within the multi-level system, and disability identification (in accordance with state law).

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This series of briefs on progress monitoring comprises four separate documents. The purpose of these progress monitoring briefs is to provide practitioners with guidance to support careful planning and thoughtful practices as part of comprehensive progress monitoring within the Response to Intervention (RTI) framework. The briefs are useful to schools just beginning the RTI process as well as those that have the RTI framework well established but need a quick check to evaluate their processes.

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This document provides written responses from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) on the use of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) funds for the implementation of RTI and answers eight commonly asked questions on funding RTI.

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This annotated bibliography outlines citations for key articles for understanding disproportionate representation. For ease of use, the bibliography is categorized into three sections: Practitioner-oriented, Practitioners Who Want to Learn More, and Research-oriented. The Practitioner-oriented category is mainly composed of articles that are simple and practical. The category entitled, Practitioners Who Want to Learn More, is for those who want more detailed information about disproportionality.

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This brief provides a framework for using Response to Intervention (RTI) with students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) from Hispanic backgrounds. It examines the characteristics of these students, defines the RTI process, and then models how students’ linguistic, cultural, and experiential backgrounds can guide appropriate screening, progress monitoring, and goal setting that will help promote English literacy. The brief concludes with a case study that provides specific recommendations for how to apply screening and progress monitoring with ELLs. The accompanying placemat was developed to provide an overview of specific considerations for ELLs when implementing the four essential components of a RTI framework.

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Planning, developing, implementing, and sustaining organizational change, such as RTI, in middle schools is a complex endeavor. This brief is designed to give guidance to practitioners at the school, district, and state levels based on the implementation activities of middle school practitioners across the country.

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This resource provides guidance for middle schools implementing RTI by answering frequently asked questions and providing “snapshots” of current middle school practices around the essential components of RTI.

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Using descriptive information gathered from middle schools already implementing RTI, this resource provides information to school, district, and state administrators and staff about how the essential components of RTI might be implemented in middle schools.

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Pilot sites often play an important part in effective RTI implementation. The information brief, RTI Pilot Site Selection: Things to Consider, guides teams through the steps of developing an RTI pilot site selection process. It provides team facilitators discussion questions that they can use to help teams examine their priorities, evaluation strategies, resources, and possible selection processes.

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This brief addresses frequently asked questions (FAQs) about creating a workable schedule for faculty, staff, and students when establishing RTI. The document was designed to help guide practitioners during RTI implementation as they create or modify their existing school schedules especially. While the document may be helpful for elementary schools, it is targeted at secondary schools and was developed through discussions with middle schools representing 28 states across the nation.

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The purpose of this series of screening briefs is to help school practitioners develop a deeper understanding of screening. These briefs cover various topics related to screening practices within an RTI framework so that practitioners will better understand the contextual issues that surround them, and enhance their ability to accurately identify at-risk students using these practices. 

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This collaborative report and training module summarizes what the High School Tiered Interventions Initiative (HSTII) has learned about effective implementation of RTI in high schools. It provides a brief description of the RTI framework and the essential components of RTI, illustrates how the essential components of RTI are implemented at eight high schools, and highlights contextual factors unique to high schools as well as how these factors can affect school-level implementation of tiered interventions. The training module includes a template to facilitate discussions about high school tiered interventions with school staff.

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The Training Module Facilitator’s Guide is intended to support teachers, professors, and other providers of professional development as they plan and deliver training modules developed by the Center. The guide describes the structure of Center training modules and offers suggestions for delivery. 

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To ensure that the implementation of RTI strategies effectively addresses the needs of all students, this information brief provides guidelines for organizing and implementing a school leadership team that focuses on the needs of English Language Learners (ELLs).

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This guide explains how leaders can use a research-based framework for response to intervention (RTI) to improve learning for all students. The majority of states have some form of RTI initiative in place already. This guide can help states leverage existing initiatives to support the statewide school improvement efforts spelled out in their ESEA flexibility plans.

Non-Center Resources

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This 2008 brief discusses how RTI can be adapted for English Language Learners (ELL). It provides an initial framework in the use of RTI that considers students’ life experiences, including their language proficiencies in their first and second language, as well as the contexts in which they are taught. The brief begins by explaining what RTI is, and how the three tiered model of instruction and intervention can be used with ELL students. The brief then provides a detailed table of information for each tier that delineates guiding questions, instruction/intervention, service provider and necessary service provider skills. The brief concludes with an overview of how RTI can help students in general, and ELL students in particular.

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This handbook, released in 2009 by the Center on Instruction, draws on the experiences of eight states engaged in large-scale Response to Intervention (RTI) implementation to identify key considerations for state-level RTI policy and practice. It provides answers to states’ commonly asked questions and offers recommendations for how technical assistance providers can best support states pursuing large-scale implementation.