Screening Tools Chart

This tools chart presents information about screening tools from the fifth annual review of screening tools by the Center's Technical Review Committee (TRC). The columns include ratings from our TRC members on the technical rigor of the tool and information about the efficiency of implementation. Definitions of the technical standards can be found here. Additional information is provided below the chart.

Tool
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Area
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Classification Accuracy Rating
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Generalizability
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Reliability
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Validity
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Disaggregated Reliability, Validity, and Classification Data for Diverse Population
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Efficiency
Administration
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Administration & Scoring Time
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Scoring Key
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Benchmarks / Norms
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A+ LearningLink: Progress in Math

Mathematics

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Group 35 - 40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Acuity

English Language Arts

half bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble null bubble Group 50 Minutes Yes Yes
Acuity

Mathematics

half bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble null bubble Group 50 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Mathematics - Curriculum-Based Measurement

half bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble null bubble Group 2 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Mathematics Concepts and Applications

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 11-13 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Reading Curriculum-Based Measurement

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-5 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Test of Early Literacy - Letter Naming Fluency

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Test of Early Numeracy - Missing Number

half bubble Broad full bubble full bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Test of Early Numeracy - Number Identification

half bubble Broad full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Test of Early Numeracy - Oral Counting

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes Yes Yes
AIMSweb

Test of Early Numeracy - Quantity Discrimination

half bubble Broad full bubble full bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes Yes Yes
Classworks Universal Screener

Mathematics

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble null bubble Group 30 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Classworks Universal Screener

Reading

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble null bubble Group 30 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
DIBELS 6th Edition

*Letter Naming Fluency

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes No Yes
DIBELS 6th Edition

*Nonsense Word Fluency

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 2 Minutes No Yes
DIBELS 6th Edition

*Oral Reading Fluency

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes No Yes
DIBELS 6th Edition

*Phoneme Segmentation Fluency

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2 Minutes No Yes
DIBELS Next

*DAZE 

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 3-6 Minutes Yes Yes
DIBELS Next

*Oral Reading Fluency

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
DIBELS Next

*First Sound Fluency

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-3 Minutes Yes Yes
DIBELS Next

*Nonsense Word Fluency

half bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1 Minute Yes Yes
DIBELS Next

*Phoneme Segmentation Fluency

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Discovery Education Predictive Assessment

Mathematics

full bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Group 40 Minutes Yes Yes
Discovery Education Predictive Assessment

Reading

full bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Group 40 Minutes Yes Yes
easyCBM

Mathematics

full bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble full bubble Individual Group 30 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
easyCBM

Multiple Choice Reading Comprehension

full bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 25-40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
easyCBM

Passage Reading Fluency

full bubble Moderate High null bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 3-4 Minutes Yes Yes
easyCBM

Vocabulary

full bubble Moderate High null bubble half bubble half bubble Group 15 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Edcheckup Standard Reading Passages

Maze

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble full bubble Group 20 Minutes Yes Yes
Edcheckup Standard Reading Passages

Oral Reading Fluency

full bubble Moderate High full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual 15 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): Adaptive Math

*aMath

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 10-45 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): Adaptive Reading

Reading

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble full bubble null bubble Individual Group 6-20 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): CBMReading

*English

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual 1-5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): CBMReading Spanish

*Spanish

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Composite

full bubble Moderate Low half bubble full bubble null bubble Individual 5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Concepts of Print

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1.5-2.5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Decodable Words

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Letter Names

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-1.5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Letter Sounds

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Nonsense Words

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Onset Sounds

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 2-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Rhyming

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Sentence Reading

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble full bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Sight Words (50)

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Sight Words (150)

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Word Blending

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading English

*Word Segmenting

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Concepts of Print

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble null bubble null bubble Individual 1.5-2.5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Decodable Words

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2+ Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Letter Names

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-1.5 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Letter Sounds

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Onset Sounds

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Rhyming

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 2-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Sentence Reading

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Sight Words (50)

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Sight Words (150)

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Word Blending

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Syllables

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-2 Minutes Yes Yes
Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST): earlyReading Spanish

*Word Segmenting

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1-3 Minutes Yes Yes
Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests (GMRT)

Reading

full bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Group 55 Minutes Yes Yes
Group Assessment and Diagnostic Evaluation

Group Math Assessment and Diagnostic Evaluation (G-MADE)

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual Group 46-95 Minutes Yes Yes
Group Assessment and Diagnostic Evaluation

Group Reading Assessment and Diagnostic Evaluation (GRADE)

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual Group 46-95 Minutes Yes Yes
Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS)

Mathematics

full bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble null bubble Group 60 Minutes Yes Yes
Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS)

Reading

full bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble null bubble Group 55 Minutes Yes Yes
istation Indicators of Progress (ISIP)

Reading

half bubble Moderate Low full bubble full bubble half bubble Individual Group 13 - 21 Minutes Yes Yes
mCLASS

Math

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 1 - 12 Minutes Yes Yes
mCLASS

Vocabulary Assessment

half bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 1 - 4 Minutes Yes Yes
mCLASS

**3D - Text Reading & Comprehension

half bubble Moderate High half bubble full bubble full bubble Individual 5 - 8 Minutes Yes Yes
Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)

Mathematics

full bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)

Reading

full bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) for Primary Grades

Mathematics

full bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) for Primary Grades

Reading

full bubble Moderate High half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual Group 40 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
Observation Survey of Early Literacy Achievement

Reading

full bubble Broad full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual 15 - 45 Minutes Yes Yes
PALS

Early Literacy (Kindergarten)

full bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble full bubble Individual Group 23 - 43 Minutes Yes Yes
PALS

Reading (Gr. 1-3)

full bubble Moderate High full bubble full bubble half bubble Individual Group 23 - 43 Minutes Yes Yes
Predictive Assessment of Reading

Reading

full bubble Broad full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual 16 Minutes No Yes
Scholastic Phonics Inventory

Reading — Screener Version

half bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual Group 10 Minutes Computer Scored No
STAR

Early Literacy

half bubble Broad full bubble half bubble full bubble Individual Group 10 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
STAR

Math

full bubble Broad full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual Group 10 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
STAR

Reading

full bubble Broad full bubble full bubble full bubble Individual Group 10 Minutes Computer Scored Yes
STEEP

Oral Reading Fluency

full bubble Moderate High full bubble half bubble null bubble Individual 1 Minutes Yes Yes
TPRI Early Reading Assessment

Reading

full bubble Moderate Low half bubble half bubble half bubble Individual 2 - 6 Minutes Yes Yes
Legend:     Convincing Evidence Convincing evidence     Partially Convincing Evidence Partially convincing evidence     Unconvincing Evidence Unconvincing evidence      Data unavailable or inadequate Data unavailable or inadequate

** Information updated during the 2014 review         * Added in the 2014 review

View the rating rubrick
The Center defines screening as follows: Screening involves brief assessments that are valid, reliable, and evidence-based. They are conducted with all students or targeted groups of students to identify students who are at risk of academic failure and, therefore, likely to need additional or alternative forms of instruction to supplement the conventional general education approach.

Chart Features

  • Across the top of the chart are the standards by which the TRC reviews each tool. Click on each standard for a detailed description of how the rating was defined.
  • The vendors/developers of the tools have provided implementation information which includes the cost of the tool, what is needed to implement it, the support provided, how the tool is intended to be used, and with whom it should be used. To access this information, click on name of the tool in the "Area" column.
  • The ratings in the chart can be clicked on to view the specific data submitted for Classification Accuracy, Generalizability, Reliability, Validity, and Disaggregated Data for Diverse Populations.
  • Every column of the chart can be sorted by clicking the arrows at the top of the column.
  • The tools in the chart can be filtered by subject and by grade using the filter tool at the top of the chart. To see all tools again, hit "Reset."
  • Tools can be compared by clicking the boxes on the far right of the chart. Pick as many tools as you wish to compare and hit the "Compare" button. To see all tools again, hit "Reset."

The Center on RTI publishes this chart to assist educators and families in becoming informed consumers who can select screening tools that best meet their individual needs.

The Center's TRC on Screening independently established a set of criteria for evaluating the scientific rigor of screening tools. The TRC rated each submitted tool against these criteria but did not compare it to other tools on the chart. The presence of a particular tool on the chart does not constitute endorsement and should not be viewed as a recommendation from either the TRC on Screening or the Center on RTI. Please note that all submissions to the TRC review process were voluntary.